What Is A Public Blockchain? Beginner’s Guide

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What is meant by public blockchain, and how does it work? What makes it apart from the private blockchain? In what specific cases do I have to utilize public blockchain? If you are looking for answers to these questions, this article is for you.

There are many different forms of blockchain technology ideal for various applications. This takes account of private blockchains, federated blockchains, and public blockchains. Each one has its pros and cons.

In this block, I will look at the public blockchain. Also, to assist you in knowing the idea better, I will begin by providing a clear definition of this kind of technology. So, without further ado, let’s start!

Public Blockchain: What Is It All About?

A public blockchain doesn’t have limitations. Anyone with internet access can access the network and begin validating blocks and sending transactions. Usually, such networks are likely to provide some form of incentive for those who confirm the blocks.

Everyone on this network will likely utilize the Proof of Stake or Proof of Work consensus algorithm to confirm and verify the transaction. In a real sense, it’s a network for the public.

This model was recommended by Satoshi Nakamoto many years ago. Later, enterprise firms began showing interest in blockchain, pulled the nature of the decentralized ledger, and presented the private blockchain technology. Here, users can download the protocol anytime they want and will not require any authorization from anybody else. The public blockchain technology represents the perfect model which makes the industry of technology very lucrative.

Thus, it is decentralized; no organizations control the ecosystem, unlike a private blockchain that can be altered and changed by the organization that owns it. Public blockchains surpassed the requirement of a 3rd party. The technology has a natural run of its own. Nobody controls the run path, yet all use it.

Public Blockchain Features and Characteristics 

There are specific features of public blockchain technology. These characteristics are diverse from other kinds of blockchain.

  • Each node has access to write and read on the ledger
  • Anybody can download and include nodes to the technology
  • This is a fully decentralized system
  • It provides anonymity, which means nobody can monitor the transactions back to the user.
  • It is a little bit slower as opposed to the private one.

Advantages of Public Blockchain 

Here are some of the perks of public blockchain technology:

  • Greater Transparency

Public blockchain technology has a shared consensus amongst users. The answer is simple if somebody questions why it is better than private. It is due to transparency. The vital reason why public blockchain is considered the latest monetizing scheme is its greater transparency, and no one has power over anything.

  • True Decentralized Structure

A public blockchain has a fully decentralized network infrastructure. Therefore, the entire nodes in this system have their own duplicate of the ledger. And utilizing the consensus algorithms, they are able to update the ledger effectively.

Because there’s no need for a central authority, the public blockchain provides a really decentralized composition.

  • User Empowerment

Anybody with a fast internet connection is able to download the duplicate of the blockchain and has full authority to re-write it or read it. It means that the public has the control panel.

  • Immutability

This technology is totally immutable. Nobody can tamper with the technology or steal the fund. If somebody attempts to interfere with the blocks, like spending twice, all the other nodes will refuse the transaction. Therefore, cases like tax scams and many other issues can be alleviated with this latest technology.

Public Blockchain Examples 

Knowing the most excellent public blockchain examples for business solutions is vital. It is crucial for those planning to utilize this technology to understand when to utilize this blockchain. Virtually all the famous names in the world of cryptocurrencies are based on the public blockchain, like Litecoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin, and many others.


At this point, the most popular public blockchain is Ethereum. In reality, this cryptocurrency took the idea of public blockchain technology to a higher level. At the moment, there are a lot of apps available based on a public blockchain.

If you’re beginning your journey in blockchain, then learning the basics of blockchain is advisable. Start the learning process with blockchain courses available online.

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